The beginning of the Skyline legend

Ahead of the 2017 NISMO Festival supported by Motul on November 26, we take a look back at a classic moment in NISMO history

YOKOHAMA, Japan – For more than half a century, motor racing has drawn crowds in Japan. But for motorsports fans, one grand prix stands out: the 1964 meeting at Suzuka.

It was the day the Skyline legend began.

The GT-II race and a team of Skyline GTs lined up. They were modified sedans but were about to do the unthinkable – and challenge the established champions from abroad.

The Skylines nearly didn't get to the race at all. To qualify, a hundred units of the production version of the car had to have been made. Prince Motor Company, later to merge with Nissan, only just made the target.

The Skyline GT had a longer nose and a straight six, triple-carbureted engine. It was the brainchild of the chief engineer, Shinichiro Sakurai.

Reunited with the No. 39 he drove in the race back in 1964, Yoshikazu Sunako remembers that at first the modified car seemed far from perfect.

Note: This video originally aired in 2012. The roles of some Nissan executives have changed since then.

Nissan driver Yoshikazu Sunako drove the
No. 39 Skyline in 1964 at Suzuka.

"We had extended the car by 20 centimeters," said Sunako. "The body balance was very bad and the tires were 'out,' so that's why we could only drift when we turned. We slipped and drifted because the tires were bad.  But these issues actually turned out to be good for us."

After a few practice runs, Sunako knew the car was something special.

"We finished a lap in two minutes, 47 seconds, and at that point I was proud to say this was the fastest car at Suzuka," said Sunako.

The saloon model Skyline would have to be quick. Another late addition to the field was a Porsche 904 Carrera GTS, a German car that came with a fearsome reputation.

The Skyline would not defeat the Porsche, which could hit a top speed over 250 kilometers per hour, but Sunako's driver colleague, Tetsu Ikuzawa, would get ahead for a lap that all Japan would remember.

"Just before the hairpin curve, Ikuzawa overtook the Porsche, so I thought, 'Wow, he's the man!'" said Sunako.

As the Skyline led the Porsche, fans at Suzuka – and around Japan – went wild.

The title ultimately went to the German car, but the Skylines had a clean sweep from second place to sixth. Sunako was in the No. 2 spot, and the plucky driving of Ikuzawa had captured a nation's imagination.

Toshiyuki Shiga, who once served as Nissan's Chief Operating Officer, says that day decided his path in life.

"I was just nine years old at that time, but I still remember the big news," said Shiga. "1964 was the moment Japanese motorization began. Nissan always led the initiative with motorsports. I was so happy. It was my dream, and I wanted to enter Nissan."

Veteran race driver Kazuyoshi Hoshino, who himself would become a national hero at Daytona nearly 30 years later, said the Skyline also fired his imagination.

"This is the car that became a trigger for Japan motorsports, and I was obsessed by it," said Hoshino. "The reason I got into motorsports was because of this. I chose this path in life because of this and if it didn't exist, I would have chosen another path in life."

Even though the Suzuka result in 1964 didn't produce a win, it inspired the development of the Prince R380 Series cars that would claim the Grand Prix over Porsche just two years later.

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Sunako would be at the wheel of the 1966 Gran Prix champion.

"It was because we lost against the Porsche at that time that the R380 series was born, so it was actually a good thing that we competed against the Porsche Carrera," said Sunako.

The No. 39 is so significant today that a few years ago a team of volunteers put hundreds of hours into restoring it, working in Nissan's Zama heritage garage where the car was stored to make it ready to return to the scene of its greatest success – the Suzuka racetrack.

"It was a very emotional moment," said Shinichi Kiga, project leader of the restoration team. "It's really a car that needs to be seen driving on a circuit. As long as it is stored in the garage at Zama, it's as if it's asleep – almost dead. But when it came to Suzuka, it was really radiant."

It was the car that started the Skyline story, a legend that has continued through 12 generations of the car. It was also a fitting memorial to chief engineer Sakurai who passed away in 2011, leaving a legacy of innovation and excitement that endures to this day.


Nissan Skyline 2000 GT-R

The Skyline 2000GT (S54) was launched two days before the second Japan Grand Prix in 1964. It was necessary to work round the clock to produce the 100-unit minimum required for GT approval in time for the race. The story of how the 2000GT had put up a brave fight against a Porsche soon spread around the country, and the "Skyline legend" was born.

Calsonic Nissan Skyline GT-R

The GT-R, reintroduced with the R32 (launched August 1989), made its debut at the opening race of the All Japan Championship in March 1990. In the four seasons running up to the last All Japan Championship held in1993, the GT-R achieved a spectacular record, winning all 29 rounds. This No. 12 Calsonic ("CalsonicKansei" at present) Skyline (K. Hoshino/Masahiko Kageyama) was victorious in 1990 and 1993.


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